Fungi come in diverse colors: black, green, white, pink, yellow, red, and many more. Equally diverse are their shapes and sizes, from single-celled yeasts and fuzzy molds, to large mushrooms. They are found everywhere – at home, at the workplace, and of course outside – even if you cannot see them. What’s more, they even grow in harsh environments such as deserts and radioactive surroundings. Although thousands of species have been characterized, there are over a million species of fungi, most of which are waiting to be discovered. They are armed with remarkable abilities to guard themselves from enemies – one of the keys to their success.
Different types of fungi
Fungi are a good source of nutrients and fungivores, akin to herbivores, are organisms that primarily feed on fungi. Most fungivores are insects but there are also some small mammals, for example, the northern flying squirrel. From the viewpoint of fungi, fungivores present a threat to their survival, and they ought to protect themselves.
Coral reefs usually conjure up images of pristine atolls teeming with colorful fishes and a vibrant community of organisms, including sharks, living in harmony with each other. For this reason, they are often, aptly referred to as “rainforests of the sea”, and although they comprise less than one percent of the ocean, they are home to a quarter of all marine species.
When was the last time you helped someone in need? If you see someone having trouble crossing the street, and you are the only person there, would you help? For those who replied yes, your inclination to help others may have begun much earlier in life – during infancy. In fact, infants not only help humans, but they can also help objects, researchers find.
We’ve all had that annoying sore throat and cough which we often ignore thinking it’s only a cold. But, what if it’s the sign of something more ominous than just a cold or flu? What if it’s an infection by an unknown, killer virus – a coronavirus?